- **Aim**

The aim of this essay is to find out the current reading situation of Australian students, and compare this situation with that in China. This essay will deal with the aspects relating to reading including reading time, kinds of books, reading choices, etc.

- **Outlines:**

This survey report will analyse the answer of the questions in the questionnaire and draw conclusion about the examined topic. Aim, introduction, analysis, and conclusion of this survey and questionnaire will be included in this essay.

- **Questionnaire**

1. How much time do you always read each week?

2. What kind of book do you always read?

3. What proportion does reading take in all entertainment?

4. On a scale of 1 to 10, how do you read reading? Assume 1 for the most dislike and 10 for the most dislike.

5. How many books do you usually read each week?

6. What is your favourite book?

7. Why is that book your favourite book?

- **Question introduction**

In order to link the questions in the questionnaire with the real world situation, the background of reading in China will be briefly outlined. In China, not many students nowadays spend time on reading books. They prefer to hang out with their friends, playing computer games or listening to music to kill time. Some study exposes that Chinese teenagers have much less time spending on reading than most of teenagers in the world. This survey is trying to find out the actual reality of it by comparing the reading situation of Australian students with that of Chinese students.

The questions in the questionnaire can be divided into 4 categories. The first category including question 1 and 3 will examine the time spent on reading. The second part including question 2, 6 and 7 is about the kinds of book Australian students like and choose to read. The third kind, which is question 4, talks about their attitude towards reading. And the final category, question 5, deals with the amount of books they read.

- **Answer analysis**

The first question ‘How much time do you always read each week?’, 15 students chose ‘less than 3 hours’, 8 students chose ‘3 to 5 hours’, and rest 3 chose ‘greater than 5 hours’. The graph showing how the student answered this question is shown below.

Reading -time graph

Reading time |

The second question ‘What kind of book do you always read?’ Only 20 students among 26 answered this question, and some students listed more than 1 type of books for this question. 9 students said that they always read fictions. 7 students said they always read fantasy books. 3 people said they always read non-fictions, 4 people said they always read novels. 2 people said they always read textbooks, and 4 people said they don’t read books. The following is the graph of answers.

Favorite books |

Question 3 is ‘What proportion does reading take in all entertainment?’ In this question, 14 students chose ‘less than 20 percent’, 6 people chose the choice ‘between 20 percent and 30 percent’, and 6 people choose ‘greater than 30 percent’. The following is the graph for the answers given.

Question 4 is ‘On the scale of 1 to 10, how do you read reading? 1 for the most dislike and 10 for the most like’. In this question, 2 people scaled 2, 3 people scaled 3, 4 people scaled 4, 5 people scaled 6, 2 people scaled 7, 2 people scaled 8, 2 people scaled 9 and 3 people scaled 10. Below is the graph.

Question 5 is ‘How many books do you usually read each week?’ In this question, 19 people chose ‘less than 2’, 3 people chose between 2 and 3, 3 people chose greater than 3. Below is the graph.

The 6^{th} question is ‘What’s your favorite book?’ 10 people among all the questionnaires we received answered this question, and the top 3 kinds of books will be analysed in this essay. The first one is ‘The Lost Tomb’. Three people choose this book. The second one is ‘Hunger Games’. 2 people choose this book. The third one is ‘39 clue’. 2 people choose this book.

The last question asked the reason of students choosing their favourite books, which was asked in the 6^{th} question. The most relevant reason rose is interesting, and some people also mentioned that they like the book because of the characters.

Analysis: Provided the 7 questions and the answers given by Australian students, the analyses are the followings. Most Australian students read books less than 3 hours a week. Some of them read 3 to 5 hours, and only a few read more than 5 hours. Thy love fictions and fantasy books the most, followed by non-fictions and novels. The answers also showed that some students don’t like reading at all. Reading accounts for a small proportion in their entertainment. Only very few people chose greater than 30 percent, and most of them chose less than 20 percent. Generally speaking, Australian students like reading, and they think that doing reading id good for them. Only a few students here don’t like reading books. Most students read less than 2 books each week and only a few read greater than 3 books each week. Most of them read books because the books are interesting. Some of them read books because they like the characters in the books.

Category 1 questions, which are question 1 and 3 shows that Australian students don’t actually append much time on reading in their daily life and spare time. Category 2, including question 2,6 and 7 shows that the books like fictions and fantasy books are more popular. According to their answers, we refer to that the teenagers here are pretty much attracted by the plot and characters. The 3^{rd} category, which is question 4, showed that. Finally, category 4, question5, shows that the amount of books they read each week is not a very big number, and only very little amount of people chose more than 3 for this question.

- **Conclusion**

Australian High School students don’t read very often in their daily life. Reading only takes little proportion in the total entertainments for them. And most of them usually read the fictions and fantasy books, but not books relating to study. Australian students don’t really like reading according to their answers. They don’t mind reading, but they don’t have much interest in reading as well. Reading scales in the middle in their mind, and more closer to the like side. Most students don’t read lots of books each week, and possibly they just read slowly. Most of them read less than 2 books completely per week. It is quite undenying that if the books are wordy, they cannot finish the book very quickly. In addition, The Lost Tomb is one of the most popular books among Australian students. Lots of them like to read this book, and most of them find that the book is interesting. Some of them like the characters in the book, and probably the character in the movie that is adapted from the book, so they read this book.

Briefly, it can be said that Australian students don’t read a lot in their daily life or their leisure time. The other entertainments seem more important for them. They like to read fictions and fantasy books. It is similar to the Chinese students’ reading situation. Arguably, the small amount of book they read may due to slow reading speed.

- **How to Improve**

From the research we did, there are lots of problems. Firstly, our questionnaire is not so clear. Some students said that they don’t understand the scale question. And we couldn’t receive all questionnaires. We only received half of them.

We have to make the questionnaires more clear for the people who fill up them. And we can add more questions that can explain other questions, so people can really understand what we are asking. And also, we have to make sure that people gave the questionnaires back after they filling them. Next time we will just wait for those people fill the blanks.

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